Heart Disease Heart Attack

The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. In a heart attack (myocardial infarction), part of the heart muscle to die while not getting blood. To stay healthy, the heart requires oxygen and other nutrients carried by blood. This is obtained through the artery (blood vessel) disease, which wrap the outside of the heart.

Heart Disease Heart Attack
These diseases can affect any part of the heart. However, the most common disease is a chronic disease in the coronary artery is called atherosclerosis.

Therefore, heart disease commonly known and most common is coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease. The disease is most often causes a heart attack in someone who can cause death. The cause is narrowing of the coronary arteries, where the vessel serves to provide blood to the heart muscle. The narrowing is caused by a pile of cholesterol or other proteins derived from food intake in the body. This buildup causes the coronary arteries become stiff. Rigidity is referred to as atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis occurs if there is buildup of plaque or fatty deposits in artery walls. Over time, plaque can accumulate, harden and narrow the arteries, and inhibit blood flow to the heart. Coronary artery disease or coronary artery disease (CAD) is that basically leads to most heart attacks.

Blockage in one or more coronary arteries can cause heart attack suddenly. The reason for the heart to ask exceeds the available oxygen so that trigger heart attacks. Why? If the heart muscle does not receive oxygen for a long time, the surrounding tissue can be damaged. Unlike other tissues, the heart muscle does not regenerate. The longer the attack, the more damage to the heart and the more likely die.

Even in the arteries that are not too narrow because timbungan plaque and fat, accumulation of plaque can rupture and form a crust of blood or thrombus. In addition, the diseased arteries also tend to experience sudden muscle contractions. Thus, a piece of crust of blood can form a contraction, releasing chemicals which then result in narrowing the artery wall, triggering a heart attack.

If the working system of the heart is damaged, the normal heart rhythm can become chaotic and the heart began to tremble with uncertainty or experiencing fibrillation. This abnormal rhythm known as arrhythmia is a deviation from normal heart rhythm. This will cause the heart loses its ability to pump blood effectively to the brain. Within ten minutes, brain death and the patient was beyond help.

In addition to coronary heart disease due to fat deposition in the arterial wall, there are also other heart diseases caused by abnormalities at birth. For example, an imperfect heart, heart valve disorders, weakened heart muscle. Another cause is the bacteria that cause infections of the heart.

Symptoms of Heart DiseaseIf symptoms of heart attacks happen to you:

  • Recognize any of these symptoms if there is chest pain, shortness of breath, or palpitations.
  • Cease immediately all work no matter what you are doing and sit or lie down while you draw a deep breath.
  • If you are alone while symptoms last more than a few minutes immediately contact the local emergency phone number and say you have a heart attack. Or contact the people around you by giving the same information.
  • If anyone can take you to the hospital more quickly than the arrival of paramedics, immediately ask for help going to take you to the emergency room at the hospital. Faster would be better handled.
  • But if you wait for a team of paramedics arrived, so while waiting, you can loosen tight clothing, including a belt or tie. Make yourself in a position that feels comfortable.
  • Stay calm, no matter you are the victim or his salvation. The panic may increase the likelihood of arrhythmia or heart rhythm irregularities that threaten life.
  • The symptoms are perceived if you have coronary heart disease include pain or pain in the chest in which most people thought it was just as indigestion. Then other symptoms of feeling depressed in the middle of the chest for 30 seconds to 5 minutes.
  • Another thing is the cold sweat, palpitations, dizziness, and felt like fainting. These symptoms are not always perceived sufferer. Another warning sign is gasping for breath during exercise.
  • For several months before the heart attack usually people with heart disease often feel very tired. Do not assume these symptoms are caused by lack of sleep and stress of the job.
  • Pain or feeling of pressure in the chest, called angina, give warning to half of those who suffer a heart attack. Some people get breathless or exhausted and feeling weak as the symptoms, indicating that the heart is not getting enough oxygen due to blockage of a coronary.
  • Usually a few days before having a massive heart attack, a person will experience muscle contractions suddenly in the chest which is a small attack or a mild heart attack. Generally mild heart attack occur before a major attack a few days later.

Tips for Preventing Heart DiseaseTo reduce risk of coronary heart disease, you can do the following things:

Healthy diet
Avoid foods that contain lots of fat or high cholesterol. Seafood contains high cholesterol that can harm the heart. Reduce eating fried foods that contain lots of fat, otherwise the food can be processed by boiling, steaming or roasting.

Wherever possible, the food products we eat low-fat or no fat. Choose milk, cheese, butter or other foods that are low in fat. Fry using olive oil has less fat content so that it can be an option if the need to process food by frying.

Apart from avoiding fatty foods, avoid foods with sugar content is also high, such as soft drinks. Do not consume too much karbohirat tertalu, because in the body, carbohydrates are broken down into fat. In contrast, consumption of oats or wheat that can help keep the heart healthy.

Keep your diet in moderation to avoid obesity, because someone who has a waist circumference of more than 80 cm, greater risk of developing this disease.

Stop smoking
Cigarette is not good for heart health, then immediately stop this practice for heart stay healthy.

Avoid Stress
Stress is very difficult to avoid when living in big cities like Jakarta, which is known for its jams and preoccupations. When a person experiences stress, the body will release the hormone cortisol, which causes the blood vessels become stiff. Hormone norepinephrine would produce the body when suffering from stress, which will result in increased blood pressure. So, very good if you avoid the stress both in the office or at home.

Problem hypertension or high blood pressure can also cause heart disease. Hypertension can injure the arterial wall and allows the LDL cholesterol into the arterial line and increase the accumulation of plaque.

Overweight or obese increases the high blood pressure and abnormal fat. Avoiding or treating obesity or obesity is the main way to avoid diabetes. Diabetes accelerate coronary heart disease and increased risk of heart attack.

Exercise regularly
You can do sports activities such as walking, brisk walking, or jogging. Sporting activities which are neither too much competition and not to strengthen the work of the heart and blood circulation throughout the body.

Consumption of antioxidants
Air pollution, motor vehicle fumes or cigarette smoke create the emergence of free radicals in the body. Free radicals can cause ulcers or deposition of the arteries that can cause blockages. To remove the content of free radicals in the body, there needs to be an antioxidant that will catch and throw. Antioxidants can be obtained from a variety of fruits and vegetables.

A person who is a parent or sibling had suffered a heart attack before age 60 have a greater risk of suffering from this disease. Therefore, if you have relatives who have had a heart attack, you should be more careful in keeping to your diet and your lifestyle to support a healthy heart.

Overcoming Heart Disease If you feel the early symptoms of heart disease or had suffered a mild heart attack, do not ignore it. You really need early treatment by trained medical personnel. This can save the heart from further damage and even to avoid more fatal consequences such as death.

But if heart attack symptoms begin to occur, it is important to seek immediate medical assistance. The biggest risk of death from heart attack is within one hour after a heart attack. Rapid and appropriate treatment of a medical team to save heart muscle from damage that can not be repaired. The more heart muscle that is saved, the more effective heart pumping will return after the attack. Do not put off getting medical help because of fear is considered absurd.

When a blockage has occurred, the medical action is generally taken with the installation of catheterization and rings that keep coronary arteries are not clogged. However, there may be some blockage in other arteries.

Love Your Heart
Looking at the heart of this precious organ for survival, then immediately improve your lifestyle to stay healthy. Start enjoying a healthy diet, nutritious and low in cholesterol. Avoid smoking and stress. And exercise regularly. Start with a healthy lifestyle from this day to love your heart.
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