Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell are relatively hearty cells since they are exposed to the environment during breathing; however, they can only tolerate cigarette smoke and other toxic substances for a certain period of time. Squamous cell carcinoma shows a remarkable dose-dependence with cigarette smoking. This means that the risk of developing this types of lung cancer increases in direct proportion to the number of cigarettes smoked over time.

Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of lung cancer accounting for about 30% of all lung cancers. Squamous cells are “scale-shaped” and occur along the “tubes” of the lungs, that is, the trachea and bronchi. Under a microscope, squamous cell carcinoma is characterized by “keratin pearls” that are recognized by a pathologist. In some ways squamous cells are like skin cells: they can tolerate contact with air (for the most part) and they tend to slough off (exfoliate) like skin cells.

In contrast to lung adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma is usually found near the center of the lungs. While it is usually not possible to obtain a biopsy of squamous cell carcinoma from the outside of the body, it may be possible to collect cells for analysis from the inside. To perform a biopsy in this fashion, a bronchoscope (a thin tube with a light, a camera, and small surgical instruments in the tip) can be advanced down the throat, into the trachea, and to the bronchus that contains the tumor.
READ MORE - Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Large Cell Carcinoma

Large cell carcinoma is a subtype of non-small cell lung cancer. It is responsible for about 15% of lung cancer making it among the rarest (though still common in terms of numbers of all cancer). Large cell carcinoma is identified as being different from the other types of lung cancer histologically.

These cells do not have the necessary equipment to secrete substances like adenocarcinoma. Nor do they look like scales with keratin pearls, which would indicate squamous cell carcinoma. Large cell carcinoma appears rather strange under a microscope in that it looks like sheets of abnormal cells with an area of dead cells in the middle.
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Large Cell Lung Cancer

Large Cell Lung Cancer do not necessarily occur near the chest wall, though they often occur near the edge of the lung rather than near a bronchus (in the center). Therefore, a needle biopsy may or may not be possible, depending on location. If a needle biopsy is not possible, a tissue sample may need to be gathered using a surgical approach. When this is needed, the entire tumor may be removed both for purposes of diagnosis and treatment.
Read: Lung Cancer Treatment

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Five Simple Ways To Relieve Cough

Five Simple Ways To Relieve Cough
When winter arrives, the body must be susceptible to coughs because the temperature decreases and immune system. If you are not interested in visiting the doctor or taking antibiotics, there are five simple ways to relieve cough version of the Times of India.

1. Bath with warm water.
Wash using warm water, this can make the body calm and relaxed. You will be free from shortness of breath after doing this activity.

2. Drink lots of warm soup.
There is nothing better than a steaming hot chicken or vegetable soup for your body. During a cold, the body needs it. Hot soup will not only clean the respiratory tract, but also will provide energy for the body.

3. Consumption of honey.
Pure and natural honey is the best way to get rid of a cough. Eat one tablespoon of honey every day.

4. Gargle salt water.
Take one teaspoon of salt and mix with warm water. Use this mixture to rinse at least four times a day. This method is considered effective to cure a sore throat.

5. Use steam.
Steam inhalation is very effective to cure coughs and headaches. The steam will help dilute the mucus that builds up in the chest. So that the flow of blood re-circulated air and smoothly throughout the body.
Read: Treatment of Breast Cancer
READ MORE - Five Simple Ways To Relieve Cough

SMPS - Switch Mode Power Supply

SMPS - Switch Mode Power Supply
The power supply in the case of the computer system is provided by the SMPS – Switch Mode Power Supply. The supply forms one of the most essential and vital elements of any electrical or electronics equipment. It is the provider of power which actually energizes the electrical or electronic circuits and enables them to operate.

It may not be in – appropriate to compare it with the role that the heart plays in the functioning of a human body. A power system is responsible for the processing of the power and its conversion and translation from one form (input) into another (output). The hardware instrumental in carrying out this power processing is known as the power system.

The successful working of any piece of electrical or electronics equipment is largely dependent on the proper and reliable functioning of the power supply. As the name itself indicates SMPS, where in switching transistors are used as a switch for the rapidly opening and closing the circuit to control or to regulate the output supply.

Basically switching regulators consist of the switching elements or the switching transistors that can be operated rapidly for the opening and the closing of the circuit. In this way it can chop the input DC voltage at a very high frequency that can be of about 15 to 20 kilo hertz.

This frequency is then converted in to the square wave. Once it is chopped into a square wave, it can be stepped up or stepped down by using a transformer and the voltage that is developed on the secondary end can be rectified as well as filtered.

The regulation of the output DC voltage can be achieved by using a control circuit, in which the control senses the output voltage and if it tends to vary, it can be controlled by adjusting the data cycle.

The adjustments in the data cycle can be done using the ON and OFF periods of a switching transistor. This could be done in such a way so as to counteract the changes in the output voltage.

Apart from all these discussions there are many advantages of the SMPS over the Normal power supply. The design is based on the DC – AC – DC converters which will give the maximum power efficiency.
READ MORE - SMPS - Switch Mode Power Supply

Using a Wiki

Using a Wiki
Given the pros and cons, we'd say your project could use a wiki if there aren't too many of you involved, you don't need to work in public, you're able to do all or most of your work on the wiki (constant exposure is important), and your project is really big.

That said, here are some specific tips when you've decided you're ready to dive into wiki world:

Keep all of your notes on the wiki! Don't make the wiki page too stressful to edit. If you have to write a title, or date, or your initials, or even keep things neat when you make a note--you might not do it. If you have an idea, you want to be able to click Edit, note it at the bottom, and close the window. In this spirit, keep a permanent link to the wiki in your browser toolbar.

Use attachments. Use lots of attachments, uploading PDF and images when you can, and keep lots of references and links on the wiki. Don't keep any supporting material on your computer.

It's all about getting used to the wiki. Use WikiWords everywhere. We had all of our article titles in WikiTitleCase pretty much until we were forced to give them proper titles. This meant we knew our way around the wiki like the backs of our hands, and could make paper notes that could be easily reconciled with the wiki later.

Don't be uptight about using the wiki for collaboration. Yes, everything should live there, but don't try to work on the same page in the same day or two. You want a good understanding of what's where, and that means nothing changing under your feet. Talk to people to pick up topics. If you're actively working on the same document, break it up into a few pages.

If you need to move off of the wiki to finish what you're working on, that's good too: yes, a wiki is good for collaboration, but it's more important to have a shared memory than a shared workspace. If you need to work off of the wiki in a Word doc with Track Changes on, or bouncing a text file around in email do that.

Use the wiki when it reduces your workload. You don't need to be strict among a tiny number of people. Wikis happen to be good for collaboration, yes, but what they're really really good for is being a space where it's really fast to write things down and find them again.
Read: Internet Options
READ MORE - Using a Wiki


The experts have agreed that breast milk (ASI) is the only food most appropriate for infants, especially in the first 4-6 months of life. All the baby needs the nutrients found in breast milk. Tega ya, do not breastfeed? Like savings, milk becomes a very valuable investment for the future baby's life. Not only for physical growth, but also brain development. Nutritional value of breast milk can not be defeated even by a formula that has been enriched with various nutrients.

Naturally, the composition of breast milk is produced in such a way as to meet the needs of the baby. Just like cow's milk produced by cows to meet the needs of the calf.

Inside there are three components of breast milk. The first is water, as much as 87 percent. Next is the milk, and her own mother who breast-feeding. The high water content made exclusively breastfed babies do not require additional water again.

Although the composition of breast milk is the largest water content of other nutrients did not lose much. According to Dr. Noroyono Wibowo, Sp.OG, Exclusive breastfeeding in the seminar, the Biggest Investment in Life Babies, in breast milk there are many nutrients needed by the growth and development of infants. The high milk sugar (lactose) in milk, is very important for infant brain development.

Complete Nutrition
Breast milk contains proteins with a high ratio between the whey (milk protein types) of casein. Casein in milk is only about 35 percent, whereas in cow's milk reached 80 percent. That way, he said. IGA Pratiwi, SP.A, MARS, child specialist from RS Bunda Jakarta, milk protein is more easily digested than cow's milk protein.

Colostrum is a yellowish color and more viscous, rich in vitamins A and antibodies, which makes the baby more robust against invasive disease. Colostrum also contains white blood cells, laxatives or laxatives, and growth factors. The presence of colostrum make babies protected from infection allergies, improve bowel, and prevent the occurrence of eye disease. And sure enough, the colostrum is only present in breast milk.

Colostrum is the first time out after delivery. A few days later, then followed the release of mature milk (mature milk). In the "mature milk", the composition changed. Mature milk contains lactose higher than breast milk. In contrast, the protein in cow milk is higher than mature milk.

In breast milk there are also many vitamins, such as vitamins A and C. Levels of vitamin C higher than that of vitamin A. In cow's milk, vitamin C and A is much less than that found in breast milk. Iron in breast milk are also more easily absorbed. About 50 percent of breast milk iron will be absorbed, but in cow's milk, only 10 percent of which will be absorbed by the body.

Fat contained in milk is not only DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and AA (arachidonic acid), but also the enzyme lipase. This enzyme is useful for solving mengatalisasi fatty acids. 

Breastfeeding have much benefit and can stop breast cancer for mom.
READ MORE - Breastfeeding

Breast Cancer Spread

How Breast Cancer Spread?
The primary
Tumor begins in the breast it self, but once it becomes invasive, it may progress beyond the breast to the regional lymph nodes or travel (metastasize) to other organ systems in the body and become systemic in nature. Lymph is the clear, protein-rich fluid that bathes the cells throughout the body. Lymph will work its way back to the bloodstream via small channels known as lymphatics. Along the way, the lymph is filtered through cellular stations known as nodes, thus they are called lymph nodes.

Nearly all organs in the body have a primary lymph node group filtering fluid that comes from that organ. In the breast, the primary lymph nodes are under the armpit, or axilla.

The Classically
The primary tumor begins in the breast and the first place to which it is likely to spread is the regional lymph nodes. Cancer, as it invades in its place of origin, may also work its way into blood vessels. If cancer gets into the blood vessels, the blood vessels provide yet another route for the cancer to spread to other organs of the body.

Breast cancer follows this classic progression though it often becomes systemic or widespread early in the course of the disease. By the time one can feel a lump in the breast it is often 0.4 inches, or one centimeter, in size and contains roughly a million cells. It is estimated that a tumor of this size may take one to five years to develop. During that time, the cancer may metastasize, or spread by lymphatics or blood to areas elsewhere in the body.

Breast Cancer Spread
When primary breast cancer spread, it may first go to the axillary nodes. If this occurs, regional metastasis exists. If it proceeds elsewhere either by lymphatic or blood-borne spread, the patient develops systemic metastasis that may involve a number of other organs in the body.

Favorite sites of systemic involvement for breast cancer are the lung, bones, liver, skin, and soft tissue. As it turns out, the presence of, and the actual number of, regional lymph nodes containing cancer remains the single best indicator of whether or not the cancer has become widely metastatic. Because tests to discover metastasis in other organs may not be sensitive enough to reveal minute deposits of cancer cells, the evaluation of the axilla for regional metasis becomes very important in making treatment decisions for this disease.

If breast cancer spread to other major organs of the body, its presence will compromise the function of those organs. Death is the result of extreme compromise of vital organ function.

If breast cancer is left untreated, or fails to respond to treatment, it will progress in a gradual fashion and may involve any of the following areas or cause any of the following complications:
  • Bones
  • Brain
  • High Calcium levels
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Lymph glands
  • Pericardial Effusion
  • Pleural cavity
  • Spinal Cord Compression
READ MORE - Breast Cancer Spread

High Dose Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Transplant

High Dose Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Transplant is a way of giving high doses of chemotherapy and replacing blood -forming cells destroyed by the cancer treatment. Stem cells (immature blood cells) are removed from the blood or bone marrow of the patient or a donor and are frozen and stored. After the chemotherapy is completed, the stored stem cells are thawed and given back to the patient through an infusion. These reinfused stem cells grow into (and restore) the body’s blood cells.

Studies have shown that high-dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell transplant does not work better than standard chemotherapy in the treatment of breast cancer. Doctors have decided that, for now, high dose chemotherapy should be tested only in clinical trials. Before taking part in such a trial, women should talk with their doctors about the serious side effects, including death, that may be caused by high dose chemotherapy.
READ MORE - High Dose Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Transplant

Causes of Sleep

Causes of Sleep
When sleep disturbances occur more than a month, you should begin to notice a number of trigger factor. Some of the points below are a few things that might cause you to be the "bat man" lately. You will probably need to reread the post about Coping (Insomnia) Sleep Hard, Sleep Hard How Natural Healing for more effective handling of this issue.

Well let's look at some of the things that cause trouble sleeping. If you currently have trouble sleeping, see if you experience these things.

Stress and mental problems
Insomnia is a combination of symptoms and consequences of depression and anxiety. Because the brain using a 'signal' to set up a schedule similar to sleep and emotion, it is very difficult to determine which ones should be raised first. Situations or events that create stress, such as money or marital problems, very powerful way to trigger insomnia. In fact, this may be a prolonged problem.

Jet lag
Across time zones can disrupt biological clock. This clock is ordered to sleep when your brain is awake while the dark and light. Your body can adjust to the new changes in three days. If you often across different time zones, jet lag can causes of sleep problems.

Changes in working hours
Working hours as opposed to normal sleeping hours. People who move frequently working hours decreased levels of serotonin, hormones and nerve sender contained in the central nervous system that helps regulate sleep.

Changes in hormone therapy
Menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy is a major source of sleep problems in women. Heat rash, breast problems, or frequent urination also interfere with regular sleep patterns. According to an agency that handles the problem of sleep, about 40 percent are experiencing a transition period before menopause often experience sleep problems.

In one study revealed that about 15 percent of people suffering from chronic diseases, at least two-thirds of them reported having trouble sleeping. Back pain, headaches, and problems in the joints become a major causes of insomnia.

Health problems
Not know about benefit of sleeping or Difficulty sleeping may also be associated with a medical condition. With lung disease or asthma, for example, shortness of breath and wheeze, of course can disrupt sleep. Moreover, if this occurs during the early days. If you have heart disease, you may have abnormal breathing patterns. Parkinson's and other neurological diseases also raises insomnia as a side effect.

In some cases, snoring is a symptom of sleep apnea, a disorder associated with heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke.

Drugs, which are free or by prescription, can disrupt sleep patterns. Especially if you eat before bedtime or the dose is excessive.

Now you belong to which of the causes of the above? Causes of Sleep
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Treatment of Breast Cancer

Treatment of Breast Cancer
Different types of treatment are available for patients with breast cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer.

When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Some clinical trials are open only to patients who have not started treatment.

Every breast cancer patient should preferably be seen by a Surgeon, Medical Oncologist, Radiation Oncologist and Plastic Surgeon before anything is done. Then a treatment plan has to be made and implicated by each member of the team. Different strategies have to be explained an discussed with the patient and her input has to direct the course of treatment.

Types of standard treatment are used:
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Radiation therapy
    Radiation therapy is a Breast Cancer Treatment that uses high-energy x- rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
  • Surgery Breast
  • Targeted Therapy
READ MORE - Treatment of Breast Cancer

Targeted Therapy Breast Cancer

Targeted Therapy Breast Cancer
Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells. PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy being studied for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer. Monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors are two types of targeted therapies used in the treatment of breast cancer.
  • PARP inhibitors are a type of targeted therapy that block DNA repair and may causes breast cancer cells to die. PARP inhibitor therapy is being studied for the treatment of triple- negative breast cancer.
  • Monoclonal antibody therapy is a cancer treatment that uses antibodies made in the laboratory, from a single type of immune system cell. These antibodies can identify substances on cancer cells or normal substances that may help cancer cells grow. The antibodies attach to the substances and kill the cancer cells, block their growth, or keep them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies are given by infusion. They may be used alone or to carry drugs, toxins, or radioactive material directly to cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies may be used in combination with chemotherapy as adjuvant therapy.
  • Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the effects of the growth factor protein HER2, which sends growth signals to breast cancer cells. About one- fourth of patients with breast cancer have tumors that may be treated with trastuzumab combined with chemotherapy.
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are targeted therapy drugs that block signals needed for tumors to grow. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors may be used in combination with other anticancer drugs as adjuvant therapy.
  • Lapatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that blocks the effects of the HER2 protein and other proteins inside tumor cells. It may be used with other drugs to treat patients with HER2-positive breast cancer that has progressed following treatment with trastuzumab.
READ MORE - Targeted Therapy Breast Cancer

Surgery Breast

Surgery Breast - Whereby surgeon will attempt to remove the tumor as well as some normal tissue around the tumor. The extent of surgery on the breast will depend on the size and location of tumor as well as the size of the breast. Another aspect of surgery is removal of the lymph glands from the area under the arm on the same side as cancer is diagnosed.

The findings, and status of these lymph glands, in respect to cancer involving them, is the most important determining factor for further care of patients. Some complementary laboratory tests are also performed on the cancer tissue in order to determine the presence or absence of receptor molecules to Estrogen (ER) or Progesterone (PR) (female sex hormones) as well as genetic and chromosome studies.

Mastectomy is complete removal of one breast and some surrounding tissues. This is done under general anesthesia and in a hospital setting.

Lumpectomy is partial removal of the breast tissue that contains the cancer, whereby most of the breast architecture is preserved. Since some cancer cells may be left behind with this procedure, the reminder of the breast has to be treated with radiation to achieve similar results as with Mastectomy.

Sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by surgery
Sentinel lymph node biopsy is the removal of the sentinel lymph node during surgery. The sentinel lymph node is the first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a tumor. It is the first lymph node the cancer is likely to spread to from the tumor. A radioactive substance and/or blue dye is injected near the tumor. The substance or dye flows through the lymph ducts to the lymph nodes.

The first lymph node to receive the substance or dye is removed. A pathologist views the tissue under a microscope to look for cancer cells. If cancer cells are not found, it may not be necessary to remove more lymph nodes. After the sentinel lymph node biopsy, the surgeon removes the tumor (breast conserving surgery or mastectomy).

Read Related about Different Types of Breast Cancer and Breast Cancer Symptoms and Signs
READ MORE - Surgery Breast

Hormone Therapy For Breast Cancer

Hormone Therapy For Breast Cancer
Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that removes hormones or blocks their action and stops cancer cells from growing. Hormones are substances produced by glands in the body and circulated in the bloodstream. Some hormones can cause certain cancers to grow. If tests show that the cancer cells have places where hormones can attach (receptors), drugs, surgery, or radiation therapy is used to reduce the production of hormones or block them from working. The hormone estrogen, which makes some breast cancers grow, is made mainly by the ovaries. Treatment to stop the ovaries from making estrogen is called ovarian ablation.

Hormone therapy with an aromatase inhibitor is given to some postmenopausal women who have hormone-dependent breast cancer. Hormone-dependent breast cancer needs the hormone estrogen to grow. Aromatase inhibitors decrease the body's estrogen by blocking an enzyme called aromatase from turning androgen into estrogen.

Hormone therapy with tamoxifen is often given to patients with early stages of breast cancer and those with metastatic breast cancer (cancer that has spread to other parts of the body). Hormone therapy with tamoxifen or estrogens can act on cells all over the body and may increase the chance of developing endometrial cancer. Women taking tamoxifen should have a pelvic exam every year to look for any signs of cancer. Any vaginal bleeding, other than menstrual bleeding, should be reported to a doctor as soon as possible.

For the treatment of early stage breast cancer, certain aromatase inhibitors may be used as adjuvant therapy instead of tamoxifen or after 2 or more years of tamoxifen. For the treatment of metastatic breast cancer, aromatase inhibitors are being tested in clinical trials to compare them to hormone therapy with tamoxifen.

Hormon Therapy can used for Breast Cancer, so you can make it not Chemotherapy.
READ MORE - Hormone Therapy For Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Chemotherapy

Breast Cancer Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy).

When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.

Readmore about Breast Cancer Facts
READ MORE - Breast Cancer Chemotherapy

What Is Acute Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Leukemias were originally termed acute or chronic based on life expectancy but now are classified according to cellular maturity. Acute leukemia consist of predominately immature cells. Chronic leukemia are composed of more mature cells.

Leukemia accounts for about 2% of all cancers. It strikes 9 out of every 100,000 people in the United States every year. Men are more likely to develop leukemia than women, and white people get the disease more than other racial or ethnic groups. Adults are 10 times more likely to develop leukemia than children. Leukemia occurs most often in the elderly. When leukemia occurs in children, it happens most often before age 4.

What Is Acute Leukemia
With acute leukemia, immature blood cells reproduce quickly in the bone marrow, where they eventually crowd out healthy cells. When present in high numbers, these immature, abnormal cells sometimes can spread to other organs, causing damage, especially in a type of leukemia called acute myeloid leukemia.

The two main types of acute leukemia involve different types of blood cells:
Acute myeloid leukemia accounts for 50% of leukemia diagnosed in teenagers and in people in their 20s. It is the most common acute leukemia in adults. It occurs when primitive blood-forming cells called myeloblasts reproduce without developing into normal blood cells. Immature myeloblast cells crowd the bone marrow and interfere with the production of healthy normal blood cells. This leads to anemia (not having enough red blood cells), bleeding and bruising (due to a lack of blood platelets, which help the blood to clot), and frequent infections because there are not enough protective white blood cells.

Acute lymphoid leukemia is the most common type of leukemia that affects children, mainly those younger than 10. Adults sometimes develop acute lymphoid leukemia, but it is rare in people older than 50. It occurs when primitive blood-forming cells called lymphoblasts reproduce without developing into normal blood cells. These abnormal cells crowd out Healthy Heart blood cells. They can collect in the lymph nodes and cause swelling.

READ MORE - What Is Acute Leukemia

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Think you know What is Cystic Fibrosis?
Cystic Fibrosis is a passed down scenario importance that it isn't contaminated like a common cold, it's something you are endowed with. Main issues with someone who has Cystic Fibrosis is they have issues breathing and their individual body system doesn't take in fat and aminoacids that our systems needs to maintain itself. These are both causes of their speech and colon from successfully managed.

Cystic Fibrosis is a passed down scenario that 1 out of every 29 White-colored Individuals have. Actual, it may be a symptom-less CF gene importance it will not effect your health and fitness. But, if 2 symptom-less CF gene moms and dads have a child; the kid has a 25% probability of having this risky scenario. Many causes of this scenario are a shut-down in speech or abdominal areas of our bodies complicated the need for a improvement or deaths.

There are several Cystic Fibrosis organizations that offer interest towards this scenario in wish of improving cash for research and to offer team functions to go to to the needs of cystic fibrosis scientifically clinically diagnosed people.

Babies are often scientifically clinically diagnosed because it's much easier to recognize a problem when they are of this age. Since newborns normally eat, spend, and sleep; It's much easier to recognize issues that they are having at these functions and therefore tests are preformed to find out the best way to cope with the adverse action. Nevertheless, not everyone finds out as a kid that something is wrong within of them and in the event that health professionals find out out what their symptoms are, it allows health professionals determine what the recognize is.

A simple sweat evaluate is done to find out if cystic fibrosis may be the objective for any of the following aspects are happening such as breathing issues, hacking and coughing and hacking and coughing, or skin detecting like salt. A sweat evaluate shows the doctor that something isn't managing successfully within our systems and that our systems needs help so that it doesn't near down.

The Cystic Fibrosis organizations across the planet works to rid the planet of this passed down scenario that has the ability to mutate and make a cure for cystic fibrosis that much more complicated to research.

Money is a insane aspect on the planet, normally its used to buy what we need, want, and wish but in this scenario its needed to protect lifestyle because it'll offer more research and progressively find out a cure that allows you to protect many men and women in the main of their way of lifestyle when they are just beginning to find what being existing has to offer and to find yourself while being on the globe.

I wish you find out that this is a fight to find a cure, to power into unchartered techniques of technological innovation and find out how to fix what every kid with this passed down scenario is endowed with of no error of their own nor their moms and dads error. It's something that needs to be handled and the encounters that can be advised from those who withstand will keep a history that will encourage humans to fight the fantastic fight and remain the way of lifestyle that everyone desires to remain.

Read: Signs of Healthy Heart and Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
sumber: www.squidoo.com
READ MORE - What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Sign and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Sign and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer - One of the problems with prostate cancer is that there are often few signs and symptoms associated with the early stages of the disease. Studies on early detection and cure rates are inconclusive as to whether screening and treatment reduce death rates from this disease. Many doctors, however, do believe that screening is important.

Some of the following signs and symptoms common to prostate cancer are also experienced with many noncancerous diseases, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. If you have any of these symptoms, it is important that you follow up with your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In general, the earlier that you seek treatment, the better your prognosis.

Prostate cancer may not cause any signs or symptoms, especially in the early stages. It may be found when you’ve had a PSA test or digital rectal examination. Symptoms may appear if the tumour makes the prostate larger than normal and it starts to press on the urethra. This can make passing urine more difficult or painful or you may need to go more often.

As a man gets older, the prostate may become enlarged and block the urethra or bladder. This is a common condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BPH is not cancer, but the symptoms of BPH are similar to the symptoms of prostate cancer. Testing is needed to confirm a diagnosis.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:
  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Difficulty passing urine
  • Inability to hold back urine
  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Feeling like your bladder is still full even when you have just passed urine
  • Blood in your urine or in your semen
  • Pain or a burning sensation when you are urinating
  • Pain when you ejaculate
  • Pain in your back, hip or pelvic area, which could be a sign that cancer has spread from the prostate to nearby lymph nodes, tissue or bones
READ MORE - Sign and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
The greatest risk factor for prostate cancer is age. This risk increases significantly after the age of 50 in white men who have no family history of the disease and after the age of 40 in black men and men who have a close relative with prostate cancer. About two-thirds of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men age 65 and older.

The older you are, the more likely you are to be diagnosed with prostate cancer. Although only 1 in 10,000 men under age 40 will be diagnosed, the rate shoots up to 1 in 38 for ages 40 to 59, and 1 in 15 for ages 60 to 69.

Research also suggests high dietary fat may be a contributing factor for prostate cancer. The disease is much more common in countries where meat and dairy products are dietary staples compared to countries where the basic diet consists of rice, soybean products, and vegetables.

Some studies have suggested that men who consume a lot of calcium (through food or supplements) may have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer. Dairy foods (which are often high in calcium) might also increase risk. Most studies have not found such a link with the levels of calcium found in the average diet, and it's important to note that calcium is known to have other important health benefits.

Family history
Prostate cancer seems to run in some families, which suggests that in some cases there may be an inherited or genetic factor. Having a father or brother with prostate cancer more than doubles a man's risk of developing this disease. (The risk is higher for men who have a brother with the disease than for those with an affected father.) The risk is much higher for men with several affected relatives, particularly if their relatives were young at the time the cancer was found.

Studies have identified several inherited genes that appear to increase prostate cancer risk. Testing for these genes is not yet available. Experts estimate that the hereditary form of prostate cancer accounts for just 5% to 10% of all cases.

Scientists have found several inherited gene changes that seem to raise prostate cancer risk, but they probably account for only a small number of cases overall. Genetic testing for most of these gene changes is not yet available.

Some inherited gene changes raise the risk for more than one type of cancer. For example, inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes are the reason that breast cancer and ovarian cancers are much more common in some families. Mutations in these genes may also increase prostate cancer risk in some men, but they account for a very small percentage of prostate cancer cases.

Recently, some common gene variations have been linked to a higher risk of prostate cancer. Studies to confirm this are needed to see if testing for the gene variants will be useful in predicting prostate cancer risk.

Inflammation of the prostate
Some studies have suggested that prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland) may be linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer, but other studies have not found such a link. Inflammation is often seen in samples of prostate tissue that also contain cancer. The link between the two is not yet clear, but this is an active area of research.

For men in the U.S., the risk of developing prostate cancer is 17%. For men who live in rural China, it’s 2%. However, when Chinese men move to the western culture, their risk increases substantially.

Men who live in cities north of 40 degrees latitude (north of Philadelphia, PA, Columbus, OH, and Provo, UT, for instance) have the highest risk for dying from prostate cancer of any men in the United States. This effect appears to be mediated by inadequate sunlight during three months of the year, which reduces vitamin D levels.

A measure of obesity, is not linked to being diagnosed with prostate cancer overall. In fact, obese men may have a relatively lower PSA levels than non-obese men due to dilution of the PSA in a larger blood volume. However, obese men are more likely to have aggressive disease.

Most studies have not found that being obese (very overweight) is linked with a higher risk of getting prostate cancer overall.

Some studies have found that obese men have a lower risk of getting a low-grade (less dangerous) form of the disease, but a higher risk of getting more aggressive prostate cancer. The reasons for this are not clear.

Some studies have also found that obese men may be at greater risk for having more advanced prostate cancer and of dying from prostate cancer, but not all studies have found this.

Prostate cancer occurs about 60% more often in African American men than in white American men and when diagnosed is more likely to be advanced. However, Japanese and African males living in their native countries have a low incidence of prostate cancer. Rates for these groups increase sharply when they immigrate to the U.S. African Americans are the second group of men for whom prostate cancer testing should begin at age 40.

Some experts theorize that this suggests an environmental connection, possibly related to high-fat diets, less exposure to the sun, exposure to heavy metals such as cadmium, infectious agents, or smoking. To date, the reasons for these racial differences are not understood.

Sexually transmitted infections
Researchers have looked to see if sexually transmitted infections (like gonorrhea or chlamydia) might increase the risk of prostate cancer, possibly by leading to inflammation of the prostate. So far, studies have not agreed, and no firm conclusions have been reached.

Most studies have not found a link between smoking and the risk of developing prostate cancer. Some recent research has linked smoking to a possible small increase in the risk of death from prostate cancer, but this is a new finding that will need to be confirmed by other studies.

Some earlier studies had suggested that men who have had a vasectomy (minor surgery to make men infertile) – especially those younger than 35 at the time of the procedure – may have a slightly increased risk for prostate cancer. But most recent studies have not found any increased risk among men who have had this operation. Fear of an increased risk of prostate cancer should not be a reason to avoid a vasectomy.

Risk and Other Prostate Conditions
The most common risk misperception is that the presence of non-cancerous conditions of the prostate will increase the risk of prostate cancer.

While these conditions can cause symptoms similar to those of prostate cancer and should be evaluated by a physician, there is no evidence to suggest that having either of the following conditions will increase a man’s risk for developing prostate cancer.

Prostatitis, an infection in the prostate, is the most common cause of urinary tract infections in men. Most treatment strategies are designed to relieve the symptoms of prostatitis, which include fever, chills, burning during urination, or difficulty urinating. There have been links between inflammation of the prostate cancer and prostate cancer in several studies. This may be a result of being screened for cancer just by having prostate related symptoms, and currently this is an area of controversy.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. Because the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body) runs directly through the prostate, enlargement of the prostate in BPH squeezes the urethra, making it difficult and often painful for men to urinate. Learn more about BPH.

More Myths and Non-Risks
Medications - Several recent studies have shown a link between aspirin intake and a reduced risk of prostate cancer by 10-15%. This may result from different screening practices, through a reduction of inflammation, or other unknown factors.

Alcohol - There is no link between alcohol and prostate cancer risk.

Vitamin E - Recent studies have not shown a benefit to the consumption of vitamin E or selenium (in the formulations studied) in the prevention of prostate cancer.
READ MORE - Prostate Cancer Risk Factors

Ragnarok Online Private

Ragnarok Online Private in the Korean language is 라그나로크 온라인, often referred to as RO is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game or MMORPG created by GRAVITY Co., Ltd. based on the manhwa Ragnarok by Lee Myung-jin. It was first released in South Korea on August 31, 2002 for Microsoft Windows and has been released in other places around the world. This game can be played of course, we must have an account at lytogame first, after you successfully register can only play it.

This game has spawned an animated series, Ragnarok the Animation, and a sequel game, Ragnarok Online 2: Legend of the Second, is under construction. Player character in the world with the environment is gradually changing players with the passage of time. Features and major changes in world history occur as the episode in the timeline RO. Player characters interact in a 3D environment, but represented by a 2D sprite characters to the front, back side, and diagonal facings.

Ragnarok Online is divided into a series OnlineRagnarok maps, each with its own terrain and native monsters, though many monsters are present in some areas. Transportation between maps requires loading the new map and monsters can not travel from one map to another.

Ragnarok Online Private
There are three major nations in Ragnarok Online, the first and in which all players start is Rune Midgard. Schwaltzvalt Republic, who advanced to the northern neighbor, was added in Episode 10 and Arunafeltz, the state religion is the subject of Episode 11.

Areas of Norse mythology are included, such as Niflheim, the land of the dead, and Valhalla, where players can become Transcendent Classes. Fill the new maps are constantly added to the game in the form of Episode updates.

Recently, all the official Ragnarok Online server changed a great game system, which has been titled "Renewal". The update brings with it many changes to the current game mechanics, perhaps the biggest stat is revamping the system, by changing how each stat does and what it affects, and also the introduction of Class 3. There are many other changes that come with the update, including changes to the interface and hotkey, and change skills.

Renewal have different versions, according to the server that is being carried out into two main versions called Kro (Korean Ragnarok Online) and Jro (Japanese Ragnarok Online), titled after the server computer where the version was created. Differences between each version is made by the branch corresponding to the delight of the players gravity, rather than having to update the overall brand, which just might please the minority.

That bit of information about Ragnarok Online Private, I hope what I wrote could provide benefit to you all. Thank you for visiting and do not forget to wait for the next tidbit.
READ MORE - Ragnarok Online Private

Internet Options

Internet Options - I've investigated various options, but there are so many pros, cons, and unknown factors to weigh that it's hard make a choice.

Here's the list:
Dialup - Cheap, but way too slow. Not really an option.
Two-way satellite internet - I've heard bad things about this, but it's been available for awhile now so I'd guess it's not completely useless. The latency sucks, but there's no way to get around it and I'm not a gamer so how bad can it be? Do I go with Direcway or Starband or GroundControl or are there other companies?

I've heard stories that some services throttle bandwidth or charge per GB. Also kind of expensive. Gotta sign year+-long contracts. Does it work in bad weather?

Phone company says that we're out of range for DSL, but get the DSL modem anyway and see if it works. As suggested here. Anyone done this?

Get the phone company to drop a DSL-ready line from the trunk to the house. This is probably expensive (how much?) and would take time to convince the phone company to do.

T1 line. Expensive. $600/mo? Probably more.

Wifi antenna pointed towards a wireless access point somewhere in DSL land. Downsides: don't know anyone in surrounding DSL land, possible line-of-sight issues.

Run cable coax from nearest cable subscriber's house several miles away. Absurd. Included only for the sake of completeness.

Does anyone have any personal experience with any of this? Any recommendations or helpful pointers? Satellite internet seems like the best option, but looking around at the available services, it seems expensive and just generally like the service they offer is kind of "my way or the highway" and generally makes me uneasy and unclean. Many thanks in advance for anything you can offer.

Please follow these instructions to enable Java though your Web browser:

Browsers for Windows
  • Internet Explorer
  • Click Tools and then Internet Options
  • Select the Security tab, and select the Custom Level button
  • Scroll down to Scripting of Java applets
  • Make sure the Enable radio button is checked
  • Click OK to save your preference
  • Click on the wrench icon, then select Options.
  • Select Under the Hood and then Privacy Content Settings.
  • The Content Settings panel will appear.
  • In the Plug-ins section, select the Disable individual plug-ins link to check whether Java is enabled
  • Click on the Enable link (if the Disable link appears, Java is already enabled)
Note: Alternatively, you can access the Plug-ins settings by typing about:plugins in the browser address.
READ MORE - Internet Options

Fast Internet

This Internet connection accelerator speeds up downloading and Web surfing, yet constantly needs restarting. Fast Internet well-designed interface features a wizard and offers a useful guide to getting started.

You'll be able to manually configure your connection settings, or you can use the Quick Setup wizard, which offers preset optimization strategies you can readily employ. Also, Fast Internet lets you save modifications, maximize DNS, and revert to your PC's default settings. In our tests, the application did indeed sped up Internet surfing.

Our only complaint with the program is that users have to reboot every time they change or apply new connection settings, but most Internet accelerators work the same way. Overall, system administrators, gamers, and other power users will appreciate what Fast Internet brings to the table.

Fast Internet helps you get the most out of your Internet connection by increasing your Web surfing and download speed. You can select from a pre-defined set of optimizations or can tinker with various settings manually to select aggressive settings suiting to your needs.

A DNS caching tool is used to speed up your Internet connection even further. Also, with help of Fast Internet, your system clock will always be up to date, synchronized with atomic clock from the free Internet sites.

source: Fast Internet - CNET Download.com and skybeam.com
READ MORE - Fast Internet

Types of Network Cable

Types of Network Cable
Directional indication method (with cable) using electro-magnetic surf in the send details or details through press such as cable conductor UTP, roughage optic cable, and Coaxial cable.

However, for wifi indication press without demanding a conductive media-made for use of electro-magnetic reproduction through air, water, and vacuum. For this content we will talk about about the press or the use of online indication cable as follows.

1. UTP cable
UTP stands for Turned Couple Unshiekded phrase. UTP cable has four couples of cable method and each pair separated by a safety layer. Features of UTP cable, the rate from 10 Megabyte per second to 100 Megabyte per second, has a low price, medium-sized and smaller connections, and the use of the world wide web is restricted to 100 measures.

Some of the key benefits of UTP cable customers is little, quickly constructed, and the costs involved to make this cable system with relatively little or most affordable among the current indication press. However, the weak point of the Online system that uses UTP cable is quickly disturbed by electro-magnetic surf.

According to some staff who use the UTP cable is an efficient and effective press. Because UTP electrical circuitry does not require any unique skills, just a basic knowledge of electrical circuitry, we can set up yourself at office and house.

UTP cable has 8 pin color, if you want to set up a UTP cable to the pc, we should match our combination or series of cable set up in the pc hosting server.

2. Coaxial cable or coaxial
Network cable is generally used for interaction with the great ranges. For example, a system that joins the two structures are far apart. Features of the coaxial cable is the rate of 10 to 100 Megabyte per second, the necessary funds a little bit, connections and medium-sized, restricted cable length of 500 measures.

3. Fiber Optic Cables
Commonly used in large-scale Online techniques, such as on a national or international company. Online system has a rate of more than 100 Megabyte per second. Benefits of the use of roughage optic cable installation cable measures are permitted up to a distance of 2 miles, high-speed, and able to carry more details than the other indication press.

Hopefully this content online can help us learn more about IT technology these days, especially the world wide web are going to wear.
READ MORE - Types of Network Cable

What is Internet ?

What is Internet ?
Internet gadgets that will be needed by anyone surfing the world wide web. Without the necessary devices that can handle the Online we can not get connected to the virtual world. Online these days has become something that is compulsory for anyone who wants to benefit from online activity.

Therefore, there are so many types and manufacturers of Online devices offered in the market. We should be careful when choosing the tools that we wish to buy internet for electronics of substandard quality will be very quickly once broken or in mistake.

For the requirements of internet connection there are two types of gadgets we need to know, the first is the components (hardware) and the second internet, the program (the software) internet. Two types of gadgets referred to supplement each other, if one can not be met, then the Online to our laptop or computer will not hook up.

Hardware from the world wide web such as laptop or computer hosts, locations, cable techniques, and others. As for the world wide web the program, the ethernet card car owner, os, internet browser, and the semisalnya. For this content will talk about thoroughly the specific components internet.

This details is important for us because there are times when we will set up the world wide web at house or where we perform, for example in an office or office in one's own.

Various types of Online devices
Some people utilize the solutions or labor of specialists to set up internet system in position at the residence or perform. Indeed, in terms of comfort and functionality, call someone who is an expert quickest way to get in touch with the world wide web.

However, by knowing the various types of Online gadgets and features, can help us to set up their own Online techniques at house. Here are some types of components from the world wide web that we need to know, among others.

1. Computer Server
Is a useful laptop or computer for details storage or handling of details and to set up a system or internet. Computer hosting server can provide solutions to all customer computer techniques or work stations that are linked with it. Until now, we know there are 3 types pc hosts are as follows.

The web hosting server, is a program (software) that can serve needs for details / files from pengaksesnya via web internet browser. Server is generally known by the name of IT with the Hypertext Exchange Method or HTTP hosting server.

Server program, is program that can dynamically convert value into a fixed value or HTML Hypertext Markup Languange.

Server data source, the program that functions as the handling of details sent / asked for from the hosting server program. Database techniques is required to make web applications and system techniques to run perfectly. Today we recognize that some types of popular data source, such as MySOL, SQL Server, MS Accessibility, or Oracle.

2. Client or Client Computer
An internet system in the form of a laptop or computer unit that features as a service utilized from a laptop or computer hosting server. The phrase is also generally known as a customer laptop or computer with a node or perform station. The better the Performance or the requirements of the consumer laptop or computer can also be powerful in the comfort of internet access of customers.

Therefore, from a variety of bars in Philippines are rushing to give clients a higher requirements laptop or computer to the user. With a good laptop or computer then the customer will always be satisfied and will return again.

3. Network Cards
Also known as a Network User interface Card with the name shortened to NIC, or Ethernet card and LAN Card. Network card to operate as a system that joins computer techniques to each other via the Online system.

In Philippines, the system card set up in your laptop or computer or CPU in the development slot. If there is a problem on a laptop or laptop or computer that can not be linked with the world wide web, you should first check whether the system card is set up properly or set up car owner.

Network card must be set up on the hosting server and customer computer techniques so that they can be linked in a system. LAN card has two primary features, namely as a system that joins computer techniques to the wired system and the second as a system that has a unique value that is unique.

4. Connector
Internet system works as a link between the system cable to the CPU or laptop or computer.

5. Hub
Internet system that features as a terminal of the electrical circuitry in the Online system.

6. Router
This internet system has two primary features, namely as a determinant of the quickest route to get to a destination within the Online system. And the second operate is the change in details from one laptop or computer to another laptop or computer in question.

7. Network Cable
If we want to design or set up a laptop or pc is big or little, then we need to determine what type of indication method used. This is due to the current indication press types and have various pros and cons of each.

Transmission method is separated into two groups, namely online indication press (cable) and the second is not purposeless without using cords or wifi known as. Info on the various cable techniques will be discussed below.
READ MORE - What is Internet ?

Windows Protocol

Sliding Windows Protocol are more robust and continue to function even under pathological conditions. When there is a need for transmitting data in both directions and the idea is to use the same circuit for data in both directions –then sliding windows protocol is that at any instant of time, the sender maintains a set of sequence number corresponding to frames it is permitted to send. These frames are said to fall.

Within the sending windows. Similarly, the receiver also maintains a receiving windows corresponding to the set of frames it is permitted to accept. The sender’s windows and the receiver’s windows need not have the same lower and upper limits or even have the same size. In some protocol they are fixed in size but in others they can glow or shrink as frames are sent and received.

In all sliding windows protocol, each out bound frame contains a sequence number, ranging from 0 upto some maximum. The maximum is usually 2n-1 so the sequence number fits nicely in an n-bit field. The stop-and-wait sliding windows protocol uses n=1, restricting the sequence number to 0 and 1, but more sophisticated versions can use arbitrary n.

Although sliding windows protocol give the data link layer more freedom about the order in which it may send and receive frames the protocol must deliver packets to the destination computer network layer in the same order that they were passed to the data link layer on the sending machine.
READ MORE - Windows Protocol

Benefit of Sleeping

Benefit of Sleeping - According to doctors Pratono Muki, Sp.OT, Bone Surgery Specialists of Puri Indah Hospital, causes of low back pain were divided in two: acute and chronic. Acute, usually occur in areas prone lumbar, lower back that is made ​​up of five small bones (vertebrae). The elastic region and support the human body weight and burden that comes from objects that were taken. The amount of load received lumbar cushion depends on the position of standing, sitting, to sleep.

Many are not aware, sitting too long can cause back pain because they think the sitting position can relax the body. Yet when it was bone carry heavier loads than standing. Expenses received by lumbar cushion when someone sits upright is 150 kg, compared with 100 kg load received at the time of standing. "If you work at a computer and has been sitting a long time, sometimes every hour get up and walk around to stretch the muscles and spine to rest," said the doctor Muki.

The most relaxed position for the spine is lying on his back - and prop a pillow under your knees - that just lifting weights as heavy as 25 pounds of pressure. While on the side sleeping position for carrying 75 kg load the spine.

If spinal pain, try to rest by sleeping on their backs. Choose a mattress that is rather harsh. You can also do sports like swimming, yoga and pilates with a concentration in the spinal area, wear a corset properly, or leading a healthy lifestyle. While chronic back pain due to non-lumbar region such as intestinal disorders, kidney, infection, tumor, to lung diseases of the female reproductive organs.

Source: Benefit of Sleeping. Good Housekeeping, November 2011 issue, page 33-www.goodhousekeeping.co.id
READ MORE - Benefit of Sleeping

Insomnia - Solution for Better Night Sleep

Insomnia - Solution for Better Night Sleep
Insomnia is difficulty falling or staying asleep. In many cases, it can be relieved with a few simple behavioral changes. Sometimes, medication is needed but usually behavioral changes should be tried first.

Talk with your health care provider if any of the following symptoms occur often enough to affect your function during the day:
  • Difficulty falling a sleep
  • Excessive sleepiness during the day
  • History of falling asleep during the day at inappropriate times
  • Nightmares or disturbing thoughts that keep you awake
  • Pain, frequent urination, or unusual sensations that keep you awake
  • Significant trouble getting out of bed in the morning
  • Sleep that does not refresh you
  • Waking up several times throughout the night
  • Waking up early in the morning
Here are some simple Solution for Better Night Sleep and end Insomnia  :
  • If possible, wake up at the same time each day.
  • Avoid performing activities such as eating and working in your bed.
  • Avoid strenuous activity 2 hours before going to bed.
  • Avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages in the evening.
  • Avoid eating heavy meals at least 2 hours before going to sleep.
  • Develop a bedtime routine that includes calming, relaxing activities.
  • Make sure your sleep environment is quiet, dark, and is at a comfortable temperature.
  • Don't go to bed more than 8 hours before you expect to start your day.
Do something relaxing just before bedtime (such as reading or taking a bath) so that you don't dwell on worrisome issues. Watching TV or using a computer graphics may be stimulating to some people and disturb their ability to fall asleep. If you can't fall asleep within 30 minutes, get up and move to another room and engage in a quiet activity until you feel sleepy.

One method of preventing worries from keeping you awake is to keep a journal before going to bed. List all issues that worry you. By this method you transfer your worries from your thoughts to paper, leaving your mind quieter and more ready to fall asleep. Insomnia - Solution for Better Night Sleep
READ MORE - Insomnia - Solution for Better Night Sleep

DVI - Digital Video Interface

Digital Video Interface - The DVI stands for the name Digital Video Interface. DVI is actually a type of video connector. This is one of the many types of connectors available. This is used for the digital LCD Monitors.

The DVI is especially effective in the appearing for the elimination of the noise or the disturbance that is caused during the conversion of digital to analog conversion. It is also effective to eliminate the noise or the disturbance during the analog to digital conversion that takes place in the signal processing issues.

DVI can support the bandwidth signal of about the cover of 160Hz. This specifies that it can be used for the purpose of high resolution televisions. They are usually found on the high end television and the video cards that are used for the computers for the above said reason.

Related: PDA

When we talk about the DVI then here also there are parts or in other words there are different types of DVI like those that are listed below. They are DVI-I where I stands for the interface. It is used for the support of both the digital and analog signals. The other type in this is the connector for example like DVI-A which is specifically used for analog signals.

And one more type of DVI connector that is used for only specifically digital signals is DVI-D where D stands for Digital. But these types are not compatible with the internet hardware.
READ MORE - DVI - Digital Video Interface

Internet Hardware

The Types of Internet Hardware for Multimedia
For those who often move online, do you know the world wide web hardware for multimedia? Yes, internet hardware, especially the world wide web, but can be used as a method to learn more such as news, can also be optimized for a tool to connect. Related to interaction, the Online now can handle press marketing and sales communications that are provided press is not just written text but pictures, appears to be and even film.

To perform the needed action is a press system. Device to deliver speech, film making, and recognizing both of them. It is known as internet press hardware.

Internet Hardware
These gadgets are now widely available at laptop computer or computer shops. You will discover and get it. Before you start, you know would be much better hardware internet press.
Internet PC Hardware

Before talking about more about the world wide web press hardware, hardware most crucial thing you have is a laptop computer or computer or a PC (Personal Computer). This PC now comes with a wide range of kinds, manufacturers, and cost.

Several decades ago, the cost of a PC is very costly. But now, for the cost of a netbook-type PC, laptop computer computer or laptop computer, have a very cost-effective cost tag.

Tools that include Online press hardware is used as a method to display the marketing and sales communications to be sent and acquired as written text, pictures, and film. PC budget that are existing in the marketplace with regards to the kind and product.

For PC, which cost the cost of a laptop computer or computer shop between 500 thousand to four large numbers. For minilaptop, laptop computer computer, and laptop computer, the cost provided from 2 thousand to 20 thousand. Again, it all is determined by the kind and product.

Hardware Online Connection
Connection is needed as a conductor of internet press. Through these resources, press interaction can happen. Online hardware is very important. Without an online access then the action can not be done.

This relationship is existing in a hardware system known as a hub internet. Modem has a lot of kinds. There is a hub or a wifi hub and a wifi phone system. Generally, internet hub hardware that is used an average web surfer using a wifi hub. Appears like the display information storage area gadgets.

For the cost, the hub is in the wide range between 200 thousand to 1 thousand. Will depend of the product. Components internet hub through the phone system usually relies upon ISP (Internet Service Provider). Now, ISPs are not covered with Telkom. Another ISP to be believed with as Picture Net, Fast Net, or bizz Net.

When it comes to internet hardware hub, you must takes into contract price issues. Indeed, the current rates for the browse is not as costly as a few decades ago. There are many contract price options. Or what is generally known as the package. There are amount centered and there is also time centered.

In a word, before choosing which company to use, it would be more wise to do a little research to evaluate antaroperator. Do not until you get trapped counting on marketing extras cheap and efficient.

Internet Components Headset
Internet press marketing and sales communications are now not only reinforced by the writing, the audio was possible to do. Thus, you need hardware that can send Online and obtain speech or audio. Such a system known as a ear phones.

With a ear phones, you can pay attention to a audio and send audio. However, do not get one when buying a ear phones. Headset available on the industry because there are two kinds, namely that without a ear phones mic and the ear phones is outfitted with a mic. So what's the difference?

The first kind of ear phones without a mic is only able to obtain any ballots. Usually the world wide web hardware is indeed used only to pay attention to the audio such as music or music that are to be heard by the individual. The second kind is the ear phones that comes with a ear phones mic. Headset is indeed designed as a kind of hardware specifically for the press Online.

The location of the mic will be pinned on the remaining ear phones or moreover to the remaining of your mouth. Thus, when you talk with your opposition then the speech interaction will be sent instantly.

So, what is the cost of an online hardware that comes with a ear phones mic? Different. Once again dependant on the kind and product. There are only 30 thousand, even achieved 1 thousand. Headset is now assisting innovative wifi or wireless. You do not need to be complex with the throw of coiled wire that is always around the pc.

Internet Components Webcam
The hardware of the most important recent internet is a web camera. Why are vital? Without a web camera, press marketing and sales communications action will not be able to do the highest possible.

Function is a web camera catch, send, and obtain videos clip that will be shown on a screen. Webcams usually be incorporated in a minilaptop, laptop computer computer, or laptop computer. But there is also an exterior web camera that characteristics.

The incorporated web camera for PC is more costly than PCs without web camera. But usually, for the PC era, such as minilaptop, laptop computer computer, or laptop computer, is outfitted with a web camera. The cost is also very cost-effective, between 2 thousand to 20 thousand. All reliant kinds and manufacturers. When you do not have a PC without the incorporation of a web camera, an exterior web camera can be acquired at the closest laptop computer or computer shop.

For the cost of an exterior web camera, the cost provided in laptop computer or computer shops currently wide range between 75 thousand to 800 thousand. Re all reliant kinds and manufacturers of hardware are internet web camera.

So is there a web camera that features such as a wifi headset? Of course there is. But cost is not the same as using a wire. Aka more costly.

Other Online Hardware
In inclusion to PCs, locations, headphones, and web camera, the world wide web is there any other hardware needed for press activities? Indeed a wide range of hardware is the hardware online a must-have. However, if you want more solid press actions, various internet speed following hardware might be worth having.

Active Presenter Components Internet
With an effective speaker in the audio created press actions will be progressively more make use of. An internet hardware speaker will produce a thunderous audio like in the facilities cinema. Indeed, to do a press marketing and sales communications such as talk or film call, do not require an effective speaker. However, to enjoy it clip is like viewing a film ought to have the effective speaker to have.

Storage Media Components Internet
Internet hardware storage area method used to save the results of a press downloading online when the pc storage area space has been loaded up. This information storage area press can be either display or disk generate.

This method has pros and cons. Excess between the two is moreover to practical and can be taken anywhere, the cost is very cost-effective. It all is determined by the area provided.

For display, the budget is priced between 50 thousand to 200 thousand. External disk generate between 300 thousand to 2 thousand. Depending on the area on provide. To this day, the area available to provide up to 2 terabytes.

Meanwhile, the weak point of both the storage area press is vulnerable to indication of a disease. If you are not cautious in looking after for and using the world wide web hardware storage this information, laptop computer or computer company  germs can quickly get into and propagate.

Impact, of course, your PC will become the sufferer that could damage or taking (removing) the information in it.

That's the description about internet hardware. May be useful!
READ MORE - Internet Hardware

Signs of Healthy Heart

Signs of Healthy Heart - When the heart stops beating in just a few minutes, followed by cessation of blood circulation, our lives are valuable even this will end. That is why the prevention of heart disease and blood vessel is important and action is emphasized.

In general there are five vital signs of a healthy heart:

1. Cholesterol
When compared, the LDL or bad cholesterol is incendiary and HDL or good cholesterol as a firefighter. "A good firefighter is usually able to prevent long term damage," said Roger Blumenthal of Johns Hopkins Cicarone Center.

The higher levels of HDL cholesterol, the lower the risk of ateroklerosis. For a healthy heart, not the bad cholesterol target more than 130 mg / dl and HDL should be higher than 40 mg / dl. HDL levels tended to increase with exercise, lose weight, and eat lots of fiber.

2. Blood pressure
If left unchecked in recent years, high blood pressure can damage arteries throughout the body so that the blood vessel wall will be thickened and rigid and clogged so that blood flow to vital organs is blocked. Optimal blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg.

The variation range of food with a combination of proper nutrition would be beneficial for blood pressure. Various studies have also shown to reduce stress are also effective in lowering blood pressure. Spanish researchers say, the consumption of aspirin every day also reduce levels of systolic pressure 6.8 mmHg and 4.6 mmHg diastolic pressure. Hoped this information about healthy heart can give a benefit.

READ MORE - Signs of Healthy Heart

9 Source of Vitamin D

9 Source of Vitamin D - Dual benefit of vitamin D, not only as a reinforcement of bone but also prevention of various diseases is increasingly revealed. To get all these benefits, we are advised to consume 400 IU of vitamin D per day and 200 IU for adolescents less than 18 years.

Vitamin D deficiency linked to many chronic and life threatening diseases, like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and memory loss. Fill your body's need for vitamin D through the following sources:

About 80 percent of the vitamin D we need comes from the sun. The recommended time for sunbathing is at 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 throughout the body for 10 minutes. To prevent the risk of skin cancer, avoid sun exposure at 09.00 - 15.00.

Fish oil
Fish oil supplements have a reputation for poor taste. However, currently available in the market a variety of fish oil supplements that make it more comfortable on the tongue. Other than fish oil supplements rich in omega-3 were also contains vitamin D which is quite high.

These include fish rich in omega-3. Available in the form of frozen fish, fresh or canned. Salmon contain vitamin D were four times more than agricultural products.

Tuna is a species of marine fish are also rich in vitamin D, but also high in protein and omega-3.

Cow's milk, whether it's a full-fat or skim, naturally contain vitamin D and is also fortified with other essential nutrients. One glass of milk contains about 100 IU of vitamin D.

Most products are ready to eat cereal on the market are fortified with vitamin D. Combine your cereal with milk is rich in vitamin D as part of a healthy menu every day.

With a content of about 21 IU of vitamin D in egg yolk and purified protein in the whites, eggs are a nutritious food must be consumed.

According to a research published in the Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, white button mushrooms are exposed to ultraviolet B rays for several hours in vitamin D is about 400 percent higher.
READ MORE - 9 Source of Vitamin D

What Is NTFS File System

What Is NTFS File System
The abbreviation for NTFS is New Technology File System is the standard file system of Windows NT. NTFS has several improvements over FAT such as improved support for metadata and the use of advanced data structures to improve performance, reliability and disk space utilization plus additional extensions such as security access control lists and file system journaling.

Its main drawback is its very limited support by non-Microsoft. NTFS has five versions: v1.0, v1.1 and v1.2 found in NT 3.51 and NT 4, v3.0 found in Windows 2000 and v3.1 found in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. The features of Windows NT’s development are the addition of fields for indexing used by the Active Directory software.

NTFS uses B Trees to index file system data. Although complex to implement, this allows faster access times in some cases. A file system journal is used in order to guarantee the integrity of the file system itself. Systems using NTFS are known to have improved reliability compared to FAT file systems. NTFS Partitions can be read by Linux since Version 2.2.0. Linux 2.6 contains a new driver written by Anton. The creation and deletion of folders is not yet supported.

For historical reasons, the versions of Windows that do not support NTFS all keep internally as local zone time, and therefore so do all file systems other than NTFS that are supported by current versions of Windows. Therefore, NTFS are in GMT/UTC. As a result, especially shortly after one of the days on which local zone time changes, users may observe that some files have timestamps that are incorrect by one hour.

NTFS 5.0 was the third version of NTFS to be introduced to the Windows world by Microsoft. It included several new features: quotas, sparse file support, reparse points, distributed link tracking and the Encrypting File System (EFS) allows files to be associated with more than one data stream. Alternate streams are not detectable in the original file's size but are lost when the original file is deleted, or when the file is copied or moved to a partition that doesn't support ADS. While ADS is a useful feature, it can also easily eat up hard disk space if not detected or forgotten. File system quotas were introduced in NTFS 5.

They allow the administrator of a computer that runs a version of Windows that supports NTFS to set a threshold of disk space that users may utilize. It also allows administrators to keep a track of how much disk space each user is using. An administrator may specify a certain level of disk space that a user may use before they receive a warning, and then deny access to the user once they hit their upper limit of space.

This is called a sparse data set, and most things that generate such data sets are scientific applications, and they can generate very large sparse data sets. Because of this, Microsoft has implemented support for sparse files by only allocating disk space for regions that do not contain blocks of zero data.

An application that reads a sparse file reads it in the normal manner with the file system calculating what data should be returned based upon the file offset. Thus the latest version NTFS 5 provides the NTFS system to be called upon and to be prepared for the latest advancement of the following in the system.
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What is a Unit Test Case

What is a Unit Test Case
A Unit Test Case is a part of code which guarantees that the a different part of code (system) fills in as looked for. To realize these wanted effects fast, test schema is needed .JUnit is impeccable unit test structure for java modifying dialect.

A formal composed unit test case is portrayed by a known include and by an anticipated yield, which is worked out when the test is executed. The known include might as well test a precondition and the looked for yield may as well test a postcondition.

There should be at slightest a few unit test cases for every necessity: one positive test and one negative test.

In the event that a prerequisite has sub-prerequisites, every sub-prerequisite should have at minimum a few test cases as positive and negative.

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Mains Monitor - AC Voltage And Frequency

Mains Monitor - AC Voltage And Frequency
Mains Monitor or Manager is the circuit, I used to measure or check the ac voltage and frequency. Its accuracy is about 90-97% and quite handy for hobbyist. The ac voltage limit is 500v ac and 99Hz for frequency. There are two different ideas combine, to achieve this goal.

First to measure the ac voltage, analog to digital conversion is used. But a secret lies in measuring the voltage that is set the ac voltage to 500v ac, then with the help of pot VR2 adjust the 5v ac across the capacitor C2. Because the maximum input for ADC is 5, that is why we have to do this. For this we will get 1023 at the end of ADC conversion, as 10-bit ADC is used.

To convert this into the actual value we have to do some math; divide the ADC result with 2.046 to get the desired value (as 1023/500=2.046). You can also use a 5.1v zener across C2 for protection purpose. Also do not forget to use 3mA or appropriate fuse with the main ti prevent excess current. D1 is used for half wave rectification and R1 to limit the voltage.

Now the second part; frequency measurement. It is quite simple timer0 is used for this; just delay 1 second and read the value from timer0 register. To calculate the frequency first you have to step down the ac voltage with the help of transformer (secondary voltage should be 9v or 12v).

This voltage is applied to the base of the transistor Q1. Q1 acts like a switch and generate the pulses, these pulses are applied at RA4 that count these pulses. In other words Q1 is used to convert the sinusoidal wave into square wave. So, this is the way i use to measure the ac frequency.

You can modify the code, use this project as a protector and connect your ac devices. Port C is free for this purpose. If you have any question or problem please let me know.

Look Schema: http://adf.ly/Dd2HB

Components Required:
  • IC1, PIC16F876
  • R1, 150K ohm
  • R2, 10K ohm
  • R3,R11, 4.7K ohm
  • RV2, 10K ohm
  • D2, 1N4007
  • C2, 33uF/16v electrolyte
  • Q1, BC547
  • Misc, 12v 100mA transformer
READ MORE - Mains Monitor - AC Voltage And Frequency

Function of Transmitter

Function of Transmitter
The Transmitter performed the function of modulating the audio signal and rediate the same in the form of electromagnetic wave. The Transmitter performs signal processing operation and thereby it couples the input message signal to the communication channel. Transmitter functions pertaining to the signal processing are:
  1. Amplifications
  2. Filtering, and
  3. Modulation.
Thus resultant modulated wave could be transmitted into air through antenna or transmitting aerial, which transmits these signals uniformly in all direction in the form of electro magnetic waves. In wireless communication we see that for every transmitter there are a number of receivers.
Read: Web Designing
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What Is PDA - Personal Digital Assistance

What Is PDA
The abbreviation goes for the name as Personal Digital Assistance. And as the name itself the PDA provides the assistance to many of its wide range of users. In appearance it is a small sized device that is enabled with a touch screen display.

The keyboard, head sets, battery charger are also available as accessories. The features include many personal organizer, outlook – email client, mp3, media players, telephone book, address book etc.

Considering the technical features of the device it includes the Operating system, Processors, Memory, Expansion slots, Displays, Keyboard, Wireless networking, voice and the internet, GPS – Global Positioning System, audio and video recorders, digital cameras, remote control.

There will also be an option for installing the desired software in it. The software may be like games and all other stuff that can be installed on a computer graphics. But obviously the features can’t be matched with that of a high end personal computer.

But in short it can be considered as a hand held personal computer. The PDA device is handy and mobile. The features of a mobile device are also available in it. The device apart from a communication hub can be treated as the organizer, scheduler, and the entertainer.

The GPS can be used as an assistant at time of traveling. The device can even show the road maps. This is possible due to the GPS receivers that can be added to the PDA’s expansion slots. The device also has the best screen display that can have the feature of touch screen.

The most important technical aspect of this device is the processor that is small but presently available in the capability of about 16 Mega Hertz to 400 Mega hertz. Even faster processors are found in the palm tops, and hand held computers.

The memory in the PDA can range from 2 MB to 2 GB. This memory can be used for storing all the information in the address book, and the clips and files. The data storage capability is also used. The networking and wireless connectivity over the internet is enabled by Wi-Fi networks or the Bluetooth technology.

Daily Use of PDA
PDA is a hand held device that is used to manage the daily chores of the user.

In short this is the device that is used by people in almost any category whether that of a professional, a student, lawyer, doctor and even house wives. The applications are just wide enough to be explained. The PDA in other words is a small but a powerful master organizer. The PDA that have high end functions are also available but the cost is slightly more than the normal ones; the higher functionality in the sense of wireless connectivity and mobility etc. The PDA is a device that has recently gained popularity.

The PDA’s can also carry the feature that could be used as a mobile phone. This feature is quite important as the situation demands right now. The PDA is also one of the most sought after device for the younger generations. The PDA is a sophisticated device.

The business personalities those who have higher appointments and all can make efficient usage of this device. This device can be used as the organizer and an appointment calendar also.

The feature of Bluetooth is also enabled in some devices. This is an important property of an electronic device that can be used to connect to the other devices in the vicinity of that area. The PDA can also be called as the synchronization tool. The synchronization is achieved by the way of a software program that helps in maintaining a duplicate scheduling program. And hence due to this feature no appointments need to be missed.

The enhancements may also include the software that is developed for the purpose of positioning. In other words most popularly referred to as the Global Positioning System. The PDA has its own memory that can store a lot of Documents. Also the features of Ms Office are available in it. For example the Power point presentations, the spreadsheets and the documentation tools.

There is power charger available in it. The keyboard is in-built. The head phones are also included. Apart from that the other software like games can also be run on it.
READ MORE - What Is PDA - Personal Digital Assistance